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leads to Berkshire
Men giving King the Chop!
- King Charles I was a very
- He tried to rule England without
Parliament. Parliament was a group of men voted for by the people.
They helped the King pass laws and raise taxes.
- The King taxed people without
Parliament’s permission to fund a war with the
Englishmen didn’t want to get involved in this war.
- Eventually, in 1642, the King
and Parliament declared war on each other. Everyone in the country was
forced to choose sides: Royalist (or Cavalier) for the King or
Parliamentarian (or Roundhead) for Parliament. This is the ‘English Civil War’.
- This was the first war with
proper guns. There were many battles and many people were killed.
Two battles were fought at
Newbury and there was a big siege at
Soldiers marched all over Berkshire on the roads to and from London.
- Parliament won the war. Oliver
Cromwell took over and the
King was taken as a prisoner to Caversham
- He was tried and sentenced to
death by the ‘regicides’. Two of these were Members of Parliament
from Berkshire: Daniel Blagrave from Southcote, near Reading, and
Henry Marten of Longworth & Hinton Waldrist, near Faringdon.
- King Charles was taken to
to see his two youngest children for the last time. This
was at the Greyhound Inn.
- He was later taken to London
and, on 30th January 1649, he had his head cut off!
- Parliament ruled without a King
for 11 years, but there was lots of arguing. Eventually, King
Charles’ son, Charles II, was asked to come back and rule England.
He had Henry Marten imprisoned at Windsor Castle
and then Chepstow Castle. Daniel Blagrave fled to Aachen, on the French-German Border.