times, King William the Conqueror took over England. He built a castle
at Windsor to replace the Saxon
Palace at nearby Old Windsor. It kept the local people under
control. They didn't like King William very
The Castle was
built in wood and then stone. It was always popular with the Kings of England. They liked to
hunt in the Forest and the Great Park.
King John was
very bad. He and his friends were put under siege at the Castle
twice. Later, Edward I made it a family home as well as a fortress.
of exciting things happened at the castle during King Edward
III's reign. He used the Castle as a prison. Prisoners were kept in the Devil's Tower
or in the dungeons of the Curfew Tower. When executed, their bodies were
hung from the Curfew Tower as a warning to others.
During his foreign wars,
he captured King David II of Scotland and King John II of France. They lived
at Windsor Castle in luxury, but
complained because the place was falling down. They told the King that
he should use their ransoms to rebuild it and he did!
also started the 'Order of the Garter' at the Castle. He rebuilt
George's Chapel for its knights. They
still meet there today.
Most of the
Kings & Queens of England since the War of the Roses have
been buried in St. George's Chapel. King Henry VI was worshipped as a
saint. He attracted many pilgrims to the Castle.
playwright, William Shakespeare, wrote a play called 'The Merry Wives
of Windsor' in Tudor times. It was performed for the first time in the
Castle Library for Queen Elizabeth I.
English Civil War, Cromwell wanted to pull
the Castle down. Fortunately, he was beaten by one vote in Parliament!
II turned the Castle into a Baroque Palace. He had a wonderful new
plumbing system installed. The inventor demonstrated it by creating a
huge fountain filled with wine. His name was Samuel Moorland and he
came from Sulhamstead
times, King George III went blind and then completely mad! He was kept
locked up at Windsor Castle for 10 years until he died there.
IV altered much of the Castle to appear as we see it today. He was famous
for the wild parties he held there and at the Royal Lodge in the Great Park.
The Castle is
haunted by many Royal ghosts. These include King Henry VIII, Queen
Elizabeth I, King Charles I & King George III. Spooky!