The Black Prince
was the eldest son of King Edward III of England.
His real name was
Prince Edward. He was the second English Prince of Wales. But everyone knows
him as the 'Black Prince' because of the black armour that he always wore into
The Black Prince
grew up at Windsor Castle. He was a very
active boy who liked sports (fencing, jousting, etc).
Edward III thought
he should be King of France as well as England. The Black Prince went to fight
the French with him and the English army. He was only 16.
He did really well
and helped win the Battle of Crecy in 1346, when the English beat a much
bigger army. The English were then recognised being important in
The King set up a
small club called the Order of the Garter
for him and the Black Prince and 24 friends. but some of the Prince's closest
friends were poorer knights & could not join.
The war with France
continued throughout King Edward's reign. It was known as the
Hundred Years War. The Prince spent a lot of time at Windsor Castle preparing for
The Prince won the
Battle of Poitiers for the English in 1356. King John II of France was captured.
His youngest son was captured by Sir John Kentwood.
The King gave
Aquitaine (in France) to the Prince to rule. He lived there for 9 years. When
in England though, he lived at Kennington Palace (Surrey) & Wallingford Castle
He married his
cousin, Joan the 'Fair Maid of Kent' in St.
George's Chapel, Windsor. He had stolen her from his best friend, Sir
Bernard Brocas. They became the parents of King Richard
In 1366, the Black
Prince went to Spain with an army to get the Throne of Castile (North-Central
Spain) back for its king. He was successful at the Battle of Najara.
He died before his
father, in 1376, after a long illness. It may have been cancer. He was only