King Edward III was
one of the greatest Kings of England. He lived in the 14th century.
He was born at Windsor Castle.
His father, Edward
II, liked to go hunting in the Forest there.
His father was
kicked off the Throne because a lot of the Barons didn't like him. Edward III
became king instead. He was only 14. He was crowned by a local Windsor
man, Archbishop Walter Reynolds.
married, he made Windsor
Castle into his main family home. His children were educated by Sir Nicholas
de la Beche of La Beche Castle (Aldworth) & Beaumys
Castle (Swallowfield). Lots of family
events took place at Windsor Castle and at Reading Abbey
Like his father and
Edward wanted to be in charge of Scotland as well as England. He started a big
war against the Scots and tried to put a new king on the throne.
In 1337, he decided
he should be King of France too because his mother was the sister of the old
king. King Philip VI of France was only the old king's cousin.
Being King of
England wasn't enough for Edward. He wanted to be a great power in Europe. He
thought setting up an order of knights
would help him.
In 1346, Edward and
his 16-year-old son went to France. His son was called the Black
Prince. They took a big army with them. The French army was bigger, but
the English beat them at the Battle of Crecy.
King David II of
Scotland tried to help the French.
England in 1346. He was captured at the Battle of Neville's Cross (in
imprisoned, but still lived like a king, in the Tower of London, Windsor
Castle & Odiham Castle for 11 years. Sir William
Trussell was his gaoler.
about the poor state of Windsor Castle. So Edward used the money from his
ransom to rebuilt it.
The war with France
continued throughout King Edward's reign. It became known as the
Hundred Years' War because it went on for so long.
King John II of France was
also captured, at the Battle of Poitiers in 1356. He was also imprisoned at
The Black Prince
died before his father. When King Edward died, his grandson, Richard
II became king.